Life is increasingly becoming fast-paced, and with that comes the increasing problem of a sedentary lifestyle. We eat too much food while not compensating it with high physical activity, and it is resulting in increasing lifestyle diseases, as well as obesity.
This is no longer a problem you can ignore because obesity results in the risk of developing many health issues. Here are 9 of them.
Diabetes (Type 2)
This occurs when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, and it leads to many issues with your health – including nerve damage, heart disease, vision issues, stroke, and kidney disease.
The good news is that it is easier for you to shed excess body weight in a shorter time. Even shedding 5-7% makes a very big difference, and regular exercise will delay the onset of the illness itself.
Many of the risk factors that apply for stroke will also apply for heart disease, as a stroke occurs when the brain lacks blood supply. This leads to irreversible damage to the brain tissue and disabilities, such as language impairment, weakness in reasoning and thinking skills, and weakened muscles.
A very common problem in people who are obese, it is due to the accumulation of fat in the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This makes obese individuals have high blood pressure, high levels of LDL (low density lipoprotein) cholesterol, high blood sugar, and triglycerides, all which increase the chances of heart disease.
This is a sleep disorder when you stop breathing for a few moments when you sleep. It is very prevalent in overweight and obese individuals, because of the fat the body stores around their neck, which makes the airways shrink.
This leads to difficulties in breathing at night when you are lying in your bed, and possibly snoring (even though this is not in all cases, and not all snoring is due to apnea).
High blood pressure
Along with the higher risk of developing heart disease and stroke, high blood pressure is among the most notorious results of gaining excessive weight. Because the body is carrying extra fat tissue, it will need more nutrients and oxygen to sustain energy levels. That means that the blood vessels must supply extra blood to the fat tissue.
This results in higher pressure on the artery walls, as the blood vessels will not increase in number to compensate for the increasing demand. The additional pressure leads to hypertension, or high blood pressure. If this is not corrected in time, it eventually damages the arteries and heart, leading to death.
Along with high blood pressure, there is a high risk of obese individuals developing a condition known as NASH (nonalcoholic steatohepatitis), or fatty liver disease, as it is commonly called.
This is due to excess accumulation of fat in the liver, as the liver suffers damage and grows scar tissue known as cirrhosis (this problem is also prominent in alcoholics).
The most dangerous aspect of the condition is the lack of external symptoms, yet the liver is slowly heading to failure. The only way to remedy the problem is losing weight, following a healthy diet, avoiding alcohol entirely, and regular exercise.
The gallbladder might be among the last digestion organs you think of, but it plays an important role in the body. It stores bile, a substance that helps the body to break down fats for energy. During digestion, it releases the bile into the small intestine.
When you are obese, the risk of developing gallstones increases significantly. This is due to the buildup of bile in the gallbladder, and it eventually hardens. This leads to high levels of cholesterol in the bile, especially LDL (the bad cholesterol). There is also a likelihood that the gallbladder eventually fails to work properly, and gallstones begin to form.
They are very painful and will require surgery to remove. The best way to avoid them from forming is consuming a high-fiber diet, and eating healthy fats as much as possible. In addition, avoid refined grains such as pasta, white bread and rice, and so on – if you must eat them, it should be sparingly.
Cancer (specific types)
Cancer is not just one illness, so the connection between cancer and obesity is not as clear. However, there is a high risk of certain types of cancer, such as prostate, breast, gallbladder, colon, kidney and pancreatic cancers, as well as those of the ovaries, uterus, endometrium and cervix.
Complications in pregnancy
For women. It is very important to be at a healthy weight when pregnant because obesity brings many health issues. There is increased insulin resistance, high blood pressure and high blood sugar, which may lead to the death of the woman and the fetus.
Some complications that may develop include preeclampsia, blood clots, needing a C-section, excessive bleeding during delivery, miscarriage, premature births, and stillbirths.
It is important to keep your weight at a sustainable level and avoid the problem of obesity as much as possible. This is because it presents unnecessary risks to your health, such as those mentioned above.